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1001 Inventions at the New York Hall of Science Uncovers a Thousand Years of Science and Technology Developed Throughout Muslim Civilization.
Five-Year Global Tour Makes U.S. Debut Following Record Breaking Runs in London and Istanbul
17 November 2010, New York — After blockbuster runs in London and Istanbul, 1001 Inventions, an exhibition highlighting the scientific legacy of Muslim civilization in our modern age, will make its United States premiere at the New York Hall of Science (NYSCI) on December 4, 2010.
The exhibition reveals the forgotten history of men and women from a variety of faiths and backgrounds whose contributions to the advancement of scholarship and technology during the Middle Ages helped pave the way for the European Renaissance. This period of history from the 7th through 17th centuries is commonly–though, often erroneously—referred to as the “Dark Ages.”
The centerpiece of the exhibition is a 20-foot replica of Al-Jazari’s “elephant clock,” which dates to the 13th century. Other signature elements include a model of a ninth century flying machine and a scale model of a Chinese junk ship built in the 15th century. Divided into seven zones, 1001 Inventions includes more than 60 interactive exhibits that delve into discoveries that shaped the home, school, market, hospital, town, world and universe. Visitors will learn when scientists first discovered how we see, how ancient approaches to health influence modern medicine, why East and West share so much architectural heritage, and the origins of everyday items like coffee, toothbrushes, soap, and much more.
“Science is a universal language that has a unique power to pull people together. This exhibition reveals fascinating bits of history and a shared scientific inheritance,” said Dr. Margaret Honey, President and CEO of NYSCI. “1001 Inventions is about scholarship, inspiration and discovery among men and women from many cultures, making NYSCI an ideal venue for the U.S. debut—a hands-on science and technology center in the most diverse city in the country.”
Professor Salim Al-Hassani, Chairman of FSTC, said, “The New York Hall of Science is the first U.S. venue to host this global exhibition. We’re privileged to be working with such an accomplished and respected educational institution. The 1001 Inventionsexhibition has had phenomenal success in London and Istanbul, with audiences of more than 400,000 people visiting the exhibition in each city. We look forward with great anticipation to the U.S. segment of our global tour.”
During the Middle Ages, Muslim civilization stretched from southern Spain, across the Middle East, as far as China. 1001 Inventions highlights how science has always been a truly global endeavour, by introducing visitors to European, African, Jewish, Arab, Persian, Indian, Chinese and Turkish pioneers who furthered scientific and technological understanding of our world during this thousand-year time frame. Their work is a legacy that has influenced future generations, right up to today. Among them are:
Alhazen (Hasan Ibn Al-Haytham) was a 10th century polymath from Basra (in modern-day Iraq), who is often referred to as the ‘father of modern optics’. He spent much of his life living in Egypt, including a decade under house arrest, which was where he published his most celebrated work, Kitab al-Manazir (The Book of Optics).
Ibn Al-Haytham made significant advancements in optics, Mathematics and Astronomy, and has laid down the foundations of the present day scientific method. Ibn Al-Haytham’s work on optics is credited with contributing a new emphasis on carefully designed experiment to test theories and hypotheses.
Ibn Al-Haytham is credited with explaining the nature of light and vision, using what is now commonly referred to as a Camera Obscura.
Maimonides (Musa ibn Maymun), the 12th century Jewish physician and philosopher from Cordoba, Spain, who was an acknowledged expert in the subjects of medicine and logic.
Zheng He (Cheng Ho), the Chinese general of the 14th and 15th centuries who built wooden ships bigger than football fields and voyaged to new worlds – including, some suggest, the Americas.
Al-Jazari, the Turkish Master Engineer whose 12th century inventions include the crank mechanisms used in every plane, train and automobile.
Piri Reis, the Turkish Admiral and cartographer, who created one of the oldest surviving map of the Americas in the 16th century.
Abbas ibn Firnas, the first man to fly, who launched his flying machine over the Spanish city of Cordoba more than 1,000 years before the Wright brothers took to the sky.
Fatima Al-Fihri, the North African heiress who, in 859 CE, founded the world’s first modern university, which is still in operation today.
Al-Jahiz, the 8th century African biologist who first developed the theories of evolution and introduced the world to concepts like natural selection, the food chain and animal psychology a thousand years before Darwin was born.
- Al-Khwarizmi, the 9th century Persian mathematician who invented Algebra.
The academics behind the 1001 Inventions brand include an international network of historians, scientists, engineers and social scientists from the United States, Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Prior to its launch in London earlier this year, the content of 1001 Inventions was rigorously reviewed by its host, the London Science Museum, whose Director described it as a “blockbuster.” The exhibition received even greater success during its run in Istanbul, the European Capital of Culture for 2010, where it quickly became the most popular visitor attraction in Turkey. Following its run at NYSCI which ends in March 2011, 1001 Inventions will move to the California Science Center in Los Angeles and then to the National Geographic Museum in Washington, D.C. in 2012.
The 1001 Inventions exhibition’s international tour is sponsored by ALJ Community Initiatives (ALJCI). Fady Jameel of ALJCI commented: “We have a long history of supporting educational and artistic endeavours in the US and Europe. Through our sponsorship of 1001 Inventions we aim to provide the role models that will inspire generations of young people, of many diverse backgrounds, to explore the possibility of becoming science and technology entrepreneurs.”
Admission to 1001 Inventions is free with regular NYSCI admission ($11 adults, $8 children and seniors.) Purchase advance tickets and learn about special group tours at www.nysci.org.
1001 Inventions is a global brand that promotes awareness of scientific and cultural achievements from the ‘Golden Age’ of Muslim civilisation and how those contributions helped build the foundations of our modern world. This period, lasting approximately 1000 years from the 7th century onwards, coincides in part with what was once termed the ‘Dark Ages’.
The purpose of the 1001 Inventions brand is to engage with the public through diverse educational media in order to highlight the shared cultural and technological inheritance of humanity. The 1001 Inventions global touring exhibition and the educational products that accompany the exhibition all highlight the scientific and technological achievements made by men and women, of different faiths and cultures, who lived in or were connected with broader Muslim civilisation.
Originally funded by the British government and launched in the United Kingdom in 2006, 1001 Inventions's academic partner is the Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (FSTC). FSTC is a British based non-profit, international network of the world’s leading academics with expertise in the history of science and technology. Both 1001 Inventions and FSTC are non-religious, apolitical organizations and have received support from various arms of the British government, the Wellcome Trust, the British Science Association and ALJ Community Initiatives which is the global sponsor of the touring exhibition.
NYSCI is New York’s center for hands-on fun and learning with more than 450 exhibits, science demonstrations, and programs for families, students and teachers. NYSCI conveys the excitement and understanding of science and technology by galvanizing curiosity and offering creative, participatory ways to learn.
Founded at the 1964-65 World’s Fair, NYSCI has developed into a leading content provider and presenter of exhibitions and programs that demystify our world and encourage curiosity, creativity, critical thinking and discovery.
ALJCI is the Corporate Social Responsibility arm of the ALJ Group, which is a Toyota Automobiles distributor in 13 different countries. ALJCI plans and operates numerous global programs, such as poverty-alleviation initiatives, artistic and educational projects and technology innovation grants, including a long history of scholarships for students at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.